A Kalashnikov for Russia, the brand special, and how it is produced — is always interesting.
Kalashnikov is probably one of the most famous machines of the world and a symbol associated with Russia along with vodka, bear and balalaika. There is a Kalashnikov on the flags and coats of arms of some countries, he is constantly appearing in movies and computer games. Make Kalashnikov in dozens of factories around the world. But the birthplace of this famous machine remains Izhevsk.
How the legendary Kalashnikov assault rifle. Not long ago, the «Izhmash» was going through hard times, but now things went better. In 2014, the concern «Kalashnikov», as it is now called NGOs «Izhmash» for the first time in 7 setpolicy clean Pribilof production activities in the amount of 94 million rubles, and this happened despite the sanctions imposed against the company.
It turns out that before the sanctions Kalashnikov almost 80% of its products supplied to the U.S. market, it was a civilian weapon. Volumes of supplies of carbines «saiga» and other types of civilian weapons in this were really impressive. Here’s the article 2012, which States that U.S. citizens buy the same weapon-type «Kalashnikov», as the Russian army and police. A «Saiga» buy, for example, ex-Marines of the USA is that in combat sometimes prefer the captured Kalashnikovs with his M-16.
The General Director of concern «Kalashnikov» Alexey Krivoruchko tells that a year ago 80 percent of the Izhevsk arms factory was civil. But after the largest «civilian» was banned, the group increased its production of military weapons. The main consumers of steel in Africa, the middle East, Southeast Asia and Latin America. As a result, for the past year Kalashnikov increased its production of small arms with 70 million (2013) to 120 thousand units and refocused production: now 80% of there weapons of war. Now «Kalashnikov» develops another 40 weapons of various calibres and some of them are going to represent this year.
Let’s take a walk along the legendary the plant and see how and what weapons it produces.
In the production of weapons is not unusual. First do the individual elements, then everything is assembled in the machine or, for example, asiapulse. That’s how you make molds for casting some parts. These models are made from the model (paraffin, stearin and something else). Later models are assembled in blocks.
The block is applied to the slurry, covered with sand and dry, these ceramic form. She smelted the model and pour the steel.
Finished parts then need to clean up manually. All nice and homey.
In ovens, the components are heated to a certain temperature, which alters the structure of the material and its hardness.
And this bath heat treatment «on the salt». The fiery Sol drops details.
Pickling line. When the details of the weapon are heat treated, they have a glow. This heat is removed by chemical means. Pickling line new.
The old shops look like this.
Now the plant upgrade. New of the shop, built a large Central warehouse. New machines appeared here in December 2014. Now there will be no cacti.
With machine tools, too, was a nuisance. Because of the sanctions a number of countries that can supply us the equipment, has been greatly reduced. «Kalashnikov» is going to shift to the domestic and Asian manufacturers.
By the way, note the charming coat hanger and a package of strawberry!
On investment»Kalashnikov» was originally going to spend 5 billion rubles, but due to the weakening of the ruble in modernization will have to invest at least 6 billion rubles. The investment program should be completed in 2017.
By 2020 «Kalashnikov» plans to increase production volume and gross revenue by 3 times and reduces the cost of products twice.
Now the plant looks like a big construction site. Moreover, the repair and modernization runs parallel with production. Some shops at the same time repairing the floors and walls, somewhere put a new roof and new ceilings.
For screen repairs, and next continue to do some details.
The old machines are gradually replaced by new ones.
All this die area will replace…
One laser unit, which now will be cut all the details.
Go to the Assembly! Zapressovana box with a trunk is called a «wedding».
There are a few threads production: mass products — military products and civilian weapons based on the Kalashnikov assault rifle, sniper rifles and shotguns «Tiger» on the basis of a sniper rifle. By the way, the weapon that receives its name in honour of animals, the plant’s employees called «our zoo».
Flows are organized in different ways: in the first case the pipeline, in the second series Assembly, i.e., each product collects one person.
In the manufacturing process automatic or other weapons goes through a series of checkpoints. Three — run, seven — on release, plus after each operation. In the case of military products is checked, for example, interchangeability of parts.
One area is sports-the hunting weapon (rifles «Los», «bars», etc.) and sniper rifle SV-98.
Despite the modernization of equipment, principle assemblies will remain the same, with a considerable share of manual labor.
After the «wedding» goes «to cover», and from there to final Assembly. To the trunk and joining the box cover, butt stock, forend, grip, etc.
Plot with aviation guns. This type of weapon is produced only here, at the Izhevsk factory. The rate of fire of the cannons, which are installed on Russian helicopters and aircraft up to 1,800 rounds per minute.
The plant produces about 120 thousand units of small arms per year, in the stream — about 500 units per day. It’s not a full download. Initially the plant was designed to produce 600 thousand weapons. In the coming years, the plant intends to master the production of new product lines and increase production to 300 thousand units per year.
This year the enterprise plans to produce 20-25% more weapons than last year (120 thousand in 2014).
The most popular among buyers of the weapons manufactured at the plant is still a Kalashnikov rifle. Civilian products the biggest demand for Tigers and other members of the so-called «menagerie» — «Bars», «Moose», «red deer», etc.
A 10-minute drive from the factory is the center, where weapons testing.
The classic Kalashnikov long been obsolete. Weapons are constantly upgrading. It is connected including with the fact that 70% of gunfights occur in the dark. Therefore, modern machine should be comfortable for night fight.
So on the Kalashnikov appeared Pikattini strap, which you can install red dot sight, allowing you to fire at night, as well as tactical flashlightand pointer. In addition, the machine provided a flash suppressor, which betrayed the location of the soldier when firing.
«Body kit» for the machine, i.e., the upgrade kit, the factory made only this year. Appeared pistol grip. The stock is foldable and telescopic. Such a machine any Archer can customize for themselves.
But there’s a new gun — the AK-12. It modernization is no longer required, it is easier and more accurate than the old version of Kalashnikov. All the necessary elements on it already. Pistol grip, quick reset and store the new fuse firing with one hand, performing the necessary manipulations with the weapon.
Now the AK-12 is completing the state tests and, most likely, this year will be adopted. In January 2015 Menubarvisible the AK-12 as the main small arms that will become an element of military equipment «Ratnik». Already this year the Russian army can get to 70 thousand samples of «Warrior».The gun 19-01 «Vityaz-SN»
The saiga 12 ver. 340
The «saiga» MK-107 use — a fundamentally new balanced system automation. I was told that this weapon has no recoil. Usually the frame of the machine pushes the arrow in the shoulder, but on this rifle is installed the balancer, which instantly dispatched to meet her. When they strike, is compensated for the recoil. «It would seem that so — springs, two planochki, but none such weapons in the world is no longer created. On this weapon we now want to emphasize. In the world of small arms is not just a novelty, and, one might say, sensational.»
While this is an experimental sample of the weapon now works as a designer. Next week the plant will receive two new sample and go with them to Hungary for the European championship on practical shooting and then possibly making some more changes in the design. This year Kalashnikov wants to start serial production of this carbine.
You can shoot even with one hand. When firing the barrel of the carbine remains stationary, which, of course, increases the accuracy of fire.